Parvin Etesami

Parvin Etesami

Born in Tabriz, she is a 20th century Iranian poet. From childhood, Parvin learned Persian, English and Arabic from her father. From an early age, she began composing poems under the supervision of her father and talented teachers such as Dehkhoda and Bahar.

Persian and Arabic literature always amazed her and at the age of eight she began to write poetry, especially structured and delicate pieces that her father translated from foreign books (French, Turkish and Arabic). In this way, she naturally experienced her literary talent developing a particular multilingual style.

In her poems, Parvin follows the style of the pioneers, especially Nasser Khosrow, and her poems contain mainly moral and mystical themes. She expresses wisdom and moral issues with such simple and eloquent language.

Parvin’s poetry, from the point of view of the expression of concepts and meanings, has rather the form of a “debate” and a “question-answer”. There are more than seventy examples of debates in her Divan (collection of poems) that made her eminent among Persian poets in this regard. In the power of words and the dominance of industries and rituals of speech, she was above famous speakers, and in the meantime, she paid special attention to debate and revived this method, which was that of the poets of northern Iran. .

Parvin’s life was accompanied by various socio-political moments, such as the constitutional revolution, the fall of the Qajar dynasty, the return of Reza Shah, and the First World War. All these events made Parvin become aware of the problems of her time and create a social atmosphere in her poems. Due to the absence of newspapers and other mass media at that time, the only way to become familiar with political issues was through dialogue with her father. Parvin’s poetry deals with themes such as oppression, the fight against poverty, justice and idealism. For this reason, some have considered her as one of the architects of Iranian history and political thought.


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