UNESCO is the United Nations Organization for Education, Science and Culture.

World Heritage Site is the official name of the areas registered in the world heritage list they are actually protected sites and protected by the same Organization as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in 1972. Iran joined UNESCO on September 6, 1948 and accepted the convention on February 26, 1975, making its historic sites eligible for inclusion on the list. Currently Iran has 24 sites registered in the list, among which 22 are of cultural matter and the remaining 2 of a naturalistic nature. Furthermore, Iran enjoys a series of intangible heritage recognized by UNESCO including the ancient Persian game called Choghan or Polo.


The country is located between the Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf, on a plateau surrounded by three mountain ranges, at an average of over 1,200m above sea level. With two large deserts in the central basin, over 80% of Iran’s 1,648,000-square-kilometer area is arid or semi-arid land. Less than 10% of the land is arable and 6.8% is covered by forests.

List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Iran