Abadan The capital of the county of Abadan, province of Khuzestan, is located on the border of Mesopotamia inferior. It is a vast plain at the foot of the Zagros Mountains, overlooking the Persian Gulf. It is located on the island of Abadan (68 km long, 3-19 km or 2-12 miles wide), bounded by the


Ahvaz Ahvaz, the capital of the Khuzestan province, is the seventh most populous city in Iran, which is located on the bank of the Karoon River. With 9 bridges, Ahvaz has the largest number of bridges between cities in the Middle East which has led to it being known as the “city of bridges”. The


Arak Arak is the capital of the Marazi province. Originally called Soltán Abad, the modern city of Arak was founded in 1808. Arak is surrounded by mountains to the south, west and east, and its average altitude is about 1,750 m above sea level. It is located 260 km from the city of Tehran. The


Ardabil Ardebil, capital of the province of the same name, whose prominent archaeological sites and pleasant, cool climate during spring and summer attract many tourists annually, is located in northwestern Iran. The language spoken in Ardebil is Azeri from the Oghuz branch. Ardebil contains 8 hot springs and the Sabalan stratovolcano with a height of

Bandar Abbas

Bandar Abbas It is a port city and the capital of Hormozgan province, on the southern coast of Iran. The city dominates the Persian Gulf and occupies a strategic position in the Strait of Hormuz. The earliest traces of Bandar Abbas date back to the reign of Darius the Great (522-486). Darius’s commander, Silacus, sailed


Birjand Capital of the province of South Khorasan and center of Birjand county. This city is known for its export of saffron, barberry, handmade carpets and tapestries. Being close to the Afghan border, Birjand was on the “Silk Road” linking Afghanistan to the European continent. The city has a dry climate with a lot of


Bojnurd Bojnurd is the capital of the North Khorasan province in northeastern Iran. The city of Bojnurd is located north of the Alborz mountain range and south of the Kappe Daq Mountains. In the northwest area, present-day Bojnurd, there is a hill that has been home to several historical works. The history of this city


Borujerd Borujerd county capital in Lorestan province, western Iran. Among the cities of Iran, Borujerd is one of the oldest since the 9th century. In the Sassanid Empire, Borujerd was a small town near Nahavand. Borujerd attracted much attention during the Seljuk empire of the 9th and 10th centuries. It was a commercial and strategic


Bushehr The capital of the Bushehr province, also known as Bandar-e Bushehr. The city is situated on an extensive plain along the Persian Gulf coastal region in southwestern Iran. The city is located near the ancient Sassanid port city, Rishahr. It was the main maritime port of the country and the administrative center of its


Damghan It is the capital of the Damghan district in Semnán province, Iran. This city, called Sad Darvazeh (City of Hundred Gates), was the capital of the Arsacid empire. In Greek texts, the name of this city was Hacatopolis. Given its privileged geographical location, Damghan stretches from Alborz in the north to the desert in


Dezful A city in the Khuzestan province, located in a region whose history dates back to the ancient Iranian civilization. The name Dezful derives from the words Dez (fortress) and Pol (bridge), which combined could mean fortified bridge. The bridge was built during the reign of Shapur I and according to the legends the king

Gonbad-e Qabus

Gonbad-e Qabus The city of Gonbad-e Qabus is located in Golestan province, in northeastern Iran. Gonbad-e Qabus Tower is located on top of a hill, north of the city and in the extreme northwest of the national park. Also known as the Tower of Qabus or Maghbar-e Qabus (Mausoleum of Qabus), it is located 3


Hegmataneh Hamdan, the first capital of the Medes, was built 800 BC by the first king of Iran, Diako. The Medes used to call it Hegmataneh, and the Greeks used to call it Ekbatan, which means the place of gathering, the place where they gathered and chose Diako as the first king of Iran. In


Kashan Kashan is a beautiful and historic city having several thousand years antiquity. The ancient Sialk Hill, located about 3 km from city center, tells the history of Kashan. Sialk is the first place that humans gathered on the plain and constructed houses by using building materials like clay and mud. The rose water ceremonies


Kerman Kerman Province is the largest Iranian province in terms of area, located in southeastern Iran, and the center of this historic city of Kerman is the tenth most populous one of Iran. Kerman had great importance during the Seljuks rule and it was considered as one of the most developed cities in Iran. Kerman


Kermanshah The historic city of Kermanshah dating back to 400 BC, due to its pleasant and mild climate, was the second Sassanid capital considered by the Sassanid kings, since the gardens built there were a place for the Sassanid kings to enjoy. Some stone axes discovered in Kermanshah caves are estimated to be 200,000 years


Urmia Orumiyeh, also spelled Urmia, formerly city, capital of western Azarbaijan province. It is located just west of Lake Urmia on a vast fertile plain that produces cereals, fruit, grapes, tobacco and other products. The population is mainly Azerbaijani, but there is no shortage of Kurdish, Assyrian Christian and Armenian minorities. The remains of ancient