Glass carving, dating from the Achaemenid dynasty, is one of the most original and common methods of decorating glass works. The craftsmen of the Sasanian period also had great skill in carving glass, so glass works from the Islamic period were influenced by those of ancient Persia. In fact, carving is the oldest complementary and decorative process that has been carried out on crystals for centuries. But in Iran, what is known today as the glass lathe started in 1935, when an Iranian glass factory was established. In this artistic process, different designs are carved into pieces of glass using specific stones that are harder than glass.
The designs used in glass carving are mostly imaginative and made from memory, and are often inspired by the carver’s thoughts, including mainly paisley, geometric and arabesque motifs such as the six angular stars, the sun, etc. Alborz province is one of the most important crystal production centers in Iran, and the products are mainly jars, glasses, bottles, candlesticks, bowls, plates and salad bowls.