Zabol is the capital of the district of the same name, in the province of Sistan and Baluchistan, and on the border with Afghanistan. Zabol is located near Lake Hamún and the region is irrigated by the Hirmand River. Lake Hamún is a seasonal lake that is usually dry. The inhabitants of Zabol are mainly Persians who speak a variant of the Persian language called Sistani, very similar to Dari, also known as Afghan Persian. In addition, there lives in this region a minority that speaks Baluchí, a language from southeastern Iran. Zabol is connected by road to Zaranj, across the border from Afghanistan. The Delaram-Zaranj Highway provides highway connections to other parts of Afghanistan.
One of the most fascinating and historical places in the province, located in the territory of Sistan. Mount Khajeh sits in the middle of Lake Hamun, like an island on top of which are the remains of a fire temple and a sumptuous colossal structure with spectacular architectural finishes, which opens onto a vast courtyard. The fire temple on this hill has a large portal and a square room surrounded by corridors. This structure dates back to the 1st century AD. The surrounding ruins are related to the Parthian and Sassanid periods. In the southern part is the place of worship to Venus (Nahid) known as “Karchak Chel Ganjeh”. Another relic on the top of this post-Islamic hill is the tomb of “Khajeh Mehdi Mohammad Khalifeh”.
Plain of Sistan
It is one of the plains of Iran that is located at an average altitude of 500 m above sea level. It is an alluvial plain enriched by the Hirmand River and its overflow in the surroundings. This river is the only inland waterway in Sistan, and its source is in the Baba Mountains in Afghanistan. Other water supplies also depend on the capacity of the Hirmand, divided into two branches on the Iran-Afghanistan border, with the main branch forming part of the common border between the two countries.
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Qasem Abad Tower
Qasem Abad is found in the Makran of Zabol and it is very likely that it remains the same from the Seljuk period. The top of the tower, similar to a minaret, is in ruins. The minaret was built on a rocky base and overlooks the old part of Zahedan. All the structures at the foot of the minaret are made of sun-dried bricks. Other types of bricks were also used in the ornamentation of the structure.