Torbat-e Heydarieh is a city and the capital of the district of Torbat-e Heydarieh, in the province of Khorasan Razaví. The name Torbat in Persian means “holy place” or “holy tomb”, in fact it is the burial place of Heydar named after Qotb al-Din Heydar, a Sufi mystic whose tomb is located in the heart of the city.
Qotb al-Din Heydar was a great Gnostic of his time and the founder of the doctrine of the Heydarieh sect. The tomb has been renovated over time. There is an inscription indicating that the mosque was repaired during the reign of Shah Safi and rebuilt again in the time of Shah Abbas I.
In the past, this city was known as Zaveh and in the 19th century as Torbat-e Isa Jan, in honor of Ishaq Jan, the powerful leader of the Qarai Turks who ruled, semi-autonomously, Torbat-e Heydarieh and Khaf from 1801 until 1816. This city is famous for its lands suitable for growing saffron and is the world leader in the production of this dressing.
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